Grayson County Clerk of Circuit Court
129 Davis Street
PO Box 130
Independence, Virginia 24348
Local Phone: 276-773-2231
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Duties of the Clerk of the Circuit Court
The duties of the clerk of the circuit court fall into three categories. There are, first of all, those associated with judicial proceedings in the circuit court. Second, the clerk serves as general record keeper for the county, recording all documents relating to land transfers, deed, deeds of trust, mortgages, births, deaths, wills, and divorces-as well as recording election results and issuing marriage license. Third, the clerk serves as record keeper for the board of supervisors in counties that do not have a county administrator. Although the general duties of the clerk of the board of supervisors are prescribed by law, the board may establish additional duties by official resolution.
In addition, circuit courts have jurisdiction over proceedings by quo warranto (i.e. an inquiry into the misuse of a particular right or authority) or information in the nature of quo warranto. Circuit courts also are authorized to issue writs of mandamus (compelling the performance of specific acts), writs of prohibition (ordering the cessation of certain proceedings), and writs of certiorari (directing the forwarding of the records of a case for review) to all the general districts courts or to the juvenile and domestic relations district courts. Further, these courts are empowered to issue writs of mandamus in all matters or proceedings arising from or pertaining to actions by boards of supervisors, and in other cases in which it may be necessary to prevent the failure of justice and in which such a writ may be used according to the principles of common law.
Each Virginia County is located entirely within one of thirty-one judicial circuits, and every county has its own circuit court. The General Assembly sets the boundaries of the circuits and determines the number of judges to be assigned to each, based upon the study and recommendations of the Judicial Council. The judges of each circuit select one of the own number to act as chief judge.